Phentermine HCL 50mg
Phentermine hydrochloride, USP has the chemical name of α, α-Dimethylphenethylamine hydrochloride.
Phentermine hydrochloride is a white, odorless, hygroscopic, crystalline powder which is soluble in water and lower alcohols, slightly soluble in chloroform and insoluble in ether.
Phentermine hydrochloride, an anorectic agent for oral administration, is available as a tablet containing 37.5 mg of Phentermine hydrochloride (equivalent to 30 mg of Phentermine base).
Phentermine hydrochloride tablets contain the inactive ingredients corn starch, FD&C Blue #1, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, povidone, pregelatinized starch, stearic acid and sucrose.
Phentermine hydrochloride is indicated as a short-term (a few weeks) adjunct in a regimen of weight reduction based on exercise, behavioral modification and caloric restriction in the management of exogenous obesity for patients with an initial body mass index ≥30 kg/m2, or ≥27 kg/m2 in the presence of other risk factors (e.g., hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia).
Below is a chart of Body Mass Index (BMI) based on various heights and weights.
BMI is calculated by taking the patient’s weight, in kilograms (kg), divided by the patient’s height, in meters (m), squared. Metric conversions are as follows: pounds ÷ 2.2 = kg, inches × 0.0254 = meters.
Advanced arteriosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, moderate to severe hypertension, hyperthyroidism, known hypersensitivity or idiosyncrasy to the sympathomimetic amines, glaucoma.
Patients with a history of drug abuse.
During or within 14 days following the administration of monoamine oxidase inhibitors (hypertensive crises may result).
Phentermine hydrochloride is indicated only as short-term monotherapy for the management of exogenous obesity. The safety and efficacy of combination therapy with Phentermine and any other drug products for weight loss, including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (e.g., fluoxetine, sertraline, fluvoxamine, paroxetine), have not been established. Therefore, coadministration of these drug products for weight loss is not recommended.
Primary Pulmonary Hypertension (PPH)—a rare, frequently fatal disease of the lungs—has been reported to occur in patients receiving a combination of Phentermine with fenfluramine or dexfenfluramine. The possibility of an association between PPH and the use of Phentermine alone cannot be ruled out; there have been rare cases of PPH in patients who reportedly have taken Phentermine alone. The initial symptom of PPH is usually dyspnea. Other initial symptoms include: angina pectoris, syncope or lower extremity edema. Patients should be advised to report immediately any deterioration in exercise tolerance. Treatment should be discontinued in patients who develop new, unexplained symptoms of dyspnea, angina pectoris, syncope or lower extremity edema.